Title of the article:



Nikolai I. Gubanov

Nikolay N. Gubanov

Information about the author/authors

Nikolai I. Gubanov — DSc in Philosophy, Professor, Tyumen State Medical University, Odessa Str., 54, 625023 Tyumen, Russia. E-mail: gubanov48@mail.ru

Nikolay N. Gubanov — DSc in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Bauman Moscow State Technical University, 2nd Bauman Str., 5/1, 105005 Moscow, Russia. E-mail: gubanovnn@mail.ru


Theory and history of culture




Vol. 48


Pp. 53–66


March 03, 2017

Date of publication

June 15, 2018

Index UDK


Index BBK



Criminal behavior has until now been insufficiently explained only by biological and (or) social factors. The purpose and novelty of the work is to make the first attempt in justifying the position of triple determination of criminal behavior: heredity, social environment and personal choice — free will of man, his self-determination. The authors have moved away from the outdated paradigm of “biological — social” and moved on to a more adequate paradigm of “bio — social — personal”. The new approach to the issue implies recognition that man is not a passive product of genetic inheritance and social conditions, but instead he is a person of free will which interacting with genetic inclinations and environmental conditions may dominate them or give in to them. The impact of heredity on criminal behavior is found in the form of criminal and immoral inclinations. This impact is not absolute but it does play an important role in criminal behavior. For example, under normal conditions influenza affects only people who are predisposed to it most. However when influenza coincides with a sudden cold weather spell it may befall those less prone to it. By analogy, when considering people of equal education, living in similar social circumstances, those with selfish inclinations commit offences more than those with more pronounced altruistic inclinations. But if conditions deteriorate, people who were less predisposed may also resort to crime. In spite of genotype and adverse social conditions, anyone makes a legal choice independently due to the personal free will. In some cases, because of the social and human genetic factors it may be difficult to resist aggressive impulses. However man may turn to internal self-organization and look for  external assistance. Maybe in future, diagnosis of hereditary predisposition to offenses may serve as a ground for: 1) creating methods for behavioral psychotherapy for individuals with genetic abnormalities; 2) the development of methods for personal self-control, which would neutralize aggressive impulses; 3) improving of the educational system to promote acting on altruistic instincts and to neutralize selfish inclinations.


abilities, criminal inclinations, biosocial selection, aggressiveness, predisposition, free will.


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