Title of the article:



Natalia Yu. Borodulina

Marina N. Makeyeva

Information about the author/authors

Natalia Yu. Borodulina — DSc in Philology, Professor of the Department “Foreign languages and Professional Communication”, Tambov State Technical University, Sovetskaya St., 106, 39200 Tambov, Russia.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9252-9037
E-mail: nat-borodulina@yandex.ru

Marina N. Makeeva — DSc in Philology, Professor, Professor of the Department “Foreign languages and Professional Communication”, Tambov State Technical University, Sovetskaya St., 106, 39200 Tambov Russia.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3779-7386
E-mail: marnikma@inbox.ru


Philological sciences




Vol. 64


pp. 239–254


February 12, 2020

Approved after reviewing

April 15, 2020

Date of publication

June 28, 2022



Index UDK


Index BBK



The study provides archetypal characteristics analysis of animalistic metaphors in synchronic and diachronic aspects. The analysis involves the works of I. A. Krylov and modern examples from the National Corpus of the Russian Language, which enables to identify the archetypal characteristics of the animal world when representing various aspects of the life of a modern person. The latter are understood as stable in historical changes and determining the structure of the worldview of both an individual and a nation. The paper displays a classification of the characteristics of animals presented in animalistic metaphors, received through the fable, which are recognizable in modern socio-political and economic contexts. Analysis of the target area, namely the “human world”, demonstrated the presence in the content of metaphorical concepts of both personal characteristics (strength, cunning, stupidity, ignorance, arrogance) and social characteristics (hard work, unprofessionalism and incompetence, fidelity to friendship, hypocrisy, respect for experience and the collision of the new and old). At the same time, the repertoire of animalistic metaphors that verbalize the world around a person includes individual animals, groups of animals, as well as artifacts associated with animals. The conducted research testifies to the undeniable archetypal status of the metaphorical model “the world of animals → the world of man”, which made a centuries-long way to get into the Russian language and culture starting with the fables of the Russian writer I. A. Krylov.


animalistic metaphor, metaphorical model, archetype, cultural code, paremiological foundation, I. A. Krylov, fable.


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