Title of the article:



Galina A. Pozhidaeva

Information about the author/authors

Galina A. Pozhidaeva — DSc in Arts, Professor, M. S. Shchepkin Higher Theater School (Institute) under The State Academic Maly Theatre of Russia, Neglinnaya St. 6/2, Build. 1–2, 109012 Moscow, Russia.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0675-3228
E-mail: pozhidaeva.galina@yandex.ru


History of Art




Vol. 69


pp. 366–378


March 28, 2023

Approved after reviewing

April 26, 2023

Date of publication

September 25, 2023



Index UDK


Index BBK



The paper shows the composer's work appeal to serious and significant topics related to the historical and spiritual life of the people of Russia, both in the past and today.

Typical artistic images of folk culture and the national nature of the musical language make it possible to qualify the composer’s work as the mainstream of “new folklore wave” of the 50 – 70s of the 20th century through to the 90s and enriching it with folk-instrumental genre. The leading instrumental form in the composer's work becomes a symphony, a concerto - which applies to the principles of genre and epic symphonism. Particular emphasis should be placed on the importance of the spiritual mentality of the Russian people and their musical and liturgical culture The organic fusion of the music of folk life and the high spiritual culture of Holy Rus' allows us to take a fresh look at the composer's work. It brings a new quality to the “new folklore wave”, revealing, along with a genuine folklore stream, a deep Orthodox faith concealed from the official direction of socialist realism, preserved among the people despite all prohibitions and persecution. In the work of V. Pozhidaev, the ancient layers of folk and Christian musical culture are connected in an original way. The depth of the content, the organicity of the folk and professional, expressed by modern means — all this gives rise to a surprisingly original musical world, full of kindness and illuminated by the inner light.


“New Folklore Wave”, New-sacred Music of Russia, Ancient Layers of Folk and Christian Musical Culture in Modern Interpretation.


1 Volkov, K. “Chistyi rodnik zemli russkoi… Pamiati Vladimira Pozhidaeva” [“A Pure Spring of the Russian Land... In Memory of Vladimir Pozhidaev”]. Narodnik, no. 3 (67), 2009, p. 18. (In Russ.)

2 Galaganova, S. “I dukh nash dyshit bezdnoi strannoi…” [“And our Spirit Breathes in a Strange Abyss...”]. Chelovek. Kul'tura. Gorod, no. 11 (39), 2006, pp. 21–23. Available at: http://www.chkg.ru/arhiv/2006/2006_11(39)_21.htm (Accessed 5 September 2023). (In Russ.)

3 Genchenkova, M. V. “Novosakral'naia muzyka sovremennykh otechestvennykh kompozitorov” [“New Sacred Music of Contemporary Russian Composers”]. Tysiacheletie pochitaniia sviatogo ravnoapostol'nogo kniazia Vladimira: kollektivnoe issledovanie [A Thousand years of the worship of the St. Equal of the Apostles Prince Vladimir: Collective study], comp. and ex. ed. N. S. Seregina. St. Petersburg, Russian Institute of Art History Publ., Izdatel'skii dom “Petropolis” Publ., 2016, pp. 164–167. (In Russ.)

4 Gulianitskaia, N. S. Poetika muzykal'noi kompozitsii. Teoreticheskie aspekty russkoi dukhovnoi muzyki XX veka [Poetics of Musical Composition. Theoretical Aspects of Russian Sacred Music of the 20th Century]. Moscow, Iazyki slavianskoi kul'tury Publ., 2002. 432 p. (In Russ.)

5 Kovalev, A. B. Zhanry russkoi dukhovnoi muzyki v tvorchestve otechestvennykh kompozitorov (vtoraia polovina XIX – nachalo XXI vekov): monografiia [Genres of Russian Sacred Music in the Works of Russian Composers (the Second Half of the 19th – Beginning of the 21st Centuries) ], ed. by I. N. Vanovskaia. Tambov, Muzei-usad'ba S. V. Rakhmaninova “Ivanovka” Publ., 2018. 372 p. (In Russ.)

6 Likhachev, D. S. Razvitie russkoi literatury X–XVII vekov. Epokhi i stili [Development of Russian Literature of the 10–17th Centuries. Eras and Styles]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1973. 254 p. (In Russ.)

7 “‘Novaia fol'klornaia volna’ v muzyke rossiiskikh kompozitorov XX veka” [“‘New Folk Wave’ in the Music of Russian Composers of the 20th Century”]. Moskovskaia gosudarstvennaia konservatoriia im. P. I. Chaikovskogo, Kabinet narodnoi muzyki [P. I. Tchaikovsky Moscow State Conservatory, Cabinet of Folk Music]. Available at: http://www. mognovse.ru (Accessed 10 March 2020). (In Russ.)

8 Panchenko, A. M. “Stikhi pokaiannye” [“The Verses of Repentance”]. Slovar' knizhnikov i knizhnosti Drevnei Rusi. Vtoraia polovina XIV–XVI v. [The Dictionary of Scribes and Booklore of Ancient Rus`. The Second Half of the 14th – 16th Centuries], issue 2 (vtoraia polovina XIV–XVI v.) [Second half of the XIV–XVI cs.], Part 2. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1989, pp. 421–423. (In Russ.)

9 Parfent'eva, N. V., Parfent'ev, N. P. Drevnerusskie traditsii v russkoi dukhovnoi muzyke XX v. [Old Russian Traditions in Russian Sacred Music of the 20th Century]. Cheliabinsk, Chelyabinsk State University Publ., 2000. 154 p. (In Russ.)

10 Pozhidaeva, G. A. “Znachenie dukhovnoi muzyki russkogo Srednevekov'ia dlia otechestvennoi muzykal'noi klassiki” [“The Significance of Sacred Music of the Russian Middle Ages for Russian Musical Classics”]. Germenevtika drevnerusskoi literatury [Hermeneutics of Old Russian Literature], issue 20, ex. ed. O. A. Tufanova. Moscow, IWL RAS Publ., 2021, pp. 579–591. (In Russ.)

11 Pozhidaeva, G. A. “Znachenie muzykal'no-liturgicheskoi kul'tury dlia sovremennogo kompozitorskogo tvorchestva: sochineniia Vladimira Pozhidaeva (1946–2009)” [“The Significance of Musical and Liturgical Culture for Contemporary Composer's Work: Works by Vladimir Pozhidaev (1946–2009)”]. Voprosy instrumentovedeniia. Issledovatel'skaia seriia [Issues of Instrumentation. Research Series], issue 12. Stat'i i materialy XII Mezhdunarodnogo instrumentovedcheskogo kongressa “Blagodatovskie chteniia” 21–23 oktiabria 2019 g [Papers and proceedings of the 12th International congress in Study of instruments “Blagodatovsk readings” 21–23 October 2019 ]. St. Petersburg, Russian Institute of Art History Publ., 2020, pp. 522–536. (In Russ.)

12 Pozhidaeva, G. A. “Intonatsionno-rechevye istoki drevnerusskogo pevcheskogo iskusstva” [“Intonation and Speech Origins of Old Russian Singing Art”]. Slavianskii filologicheskii sbornik. NITs “Estrika” (Slavianskie kul'tury: Korni i Krona) [Slavic Philological Collection. Research Center “Estrika” (Slavic Cultures: Roots and Crown) ], ex. ed. I. I. Kaliganov. Moscow, State Academy of Slavic Cultures Publ., 2009, Issue 1, pp. 127–150. (In Russ.)

13 Pozhidaeva, G. A. “O ‘novosakral'noi muzyke XXI veka: Paskhal'nye napevy’ Vladimira Pozhidaeva” [“About New Sacral Music of the 21st Сentury: Vladimir Pozhidaev “Easter Tunes”]. Uchenye zapiski Rossiiskoi akademii muzyki im. Gnesinykh, no. 3, 2019, pp. 32–48. (In Russ.)

14 Pozhidaeva, G. A. “Sovremennoe dukhovno-muzykal'noe tvorchestvo: sochineniia Vladimira Pozhidaeva (1946–2009)” [“Contemporary Spiritual and Musical Creativity: Compositions by Vladimir Pozhidaev (1946–2009)”]. Slavianskii mir v tret'em tysiacheletii [Slavic World in the Third Millennium], Vol. 14. № 3–4. Moscow, Institute of Slavic Studies RAS Publ., 2019, pp. 263–276. (In Russ.)

15 Pozhidaeva, G. A. “Sovremennoe zvuchanie narodnogo orkestra: simfoniia ‘Usviatskie shlemonostsy’ Vladimira Pozhidaeva” [“Modern Sound of the Folk Orchestra: Symphony ‘Usvyatskie Helmet-bearers’ by Vladimir Pozhidaev”]. Uchenye zapiski RAM im. Gnesinykh, no. 1, 2021, pp. 64–79. (In Russ.)

16 Pozhidaeva, G. A. “Traditsii dukhovnoi muzyki v sovremennom kompozitorskom tvorchestve: sochineniia Vladimira Pozhidaeva (1946–2009)” [“Traditions of Sacred Music in Contemporary Composers: Works by Vladimir Pozhidaev (1946–2009)”]. Vestnik slavianskikh kul'tur, no. 2, 2020, pp. 187–201. (In Russ.)

17 Pozhidaeva, G. A. “‘Tri angela’. Beseda s Andreem Zolotovym” [“‘Three Angels’. Conversation with Andrey Zolotov”]. Muzykal'naia akademiia, no. 4, 2018, pp. 239–246. (In Russ.)

18 Fedotov, G. Stikhi dukhovnye. Russkaia narodnaia vera po dukhovnym stikham [Spiritual Poems. Russian Folk Faith According to Spiritual Verses]. Moscow, Progress Publ., Gnozis Publ., 1991. 188 p. (In Russ.)