Title of the article:



Mikhail V. Stroganov 

Information about the author/authors

Mikhail V. Stroganov — DSc in Philology, Professor, A. N. Kosygin Russian State University (Technologies. Design. Art), Institute of Slavic culture, Khibinsky dr., 6, 129337 Moscow, Russia; Leading Research Fellow, A. M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Science, Povarskaya St., 25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia. ORСID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7618-7436. E-mail: mvstroganov@gmail.com


Theory and history of culture




Vol. 58


pp. 47-60


April 26, 2020

Date of publication

December 28, 2020



Index UDK


Index BBK



The paper, basing on the correspondence (partially unpublished) between V. G. Korolenco, his relatives and friends, is to present the reconstruction of history of the house which the writer planned to build as a summer dacha, in cooperation with some of his associates from Nizhny Novgorod, in Dzhankhot near Gelendzhic. According to Korolenco’s project the house was erected in Dzhankhot as a dacha, but the construction was supervised by his brother, I. G. Korolenco, who later converted the dacha, initially designed for temporary stay, into a place of his own constant dwelling, a country estate, where he, as a sole owner and master, lived until his death in 1915. From the 1950-s onwards the country estate was being gradually transformed into Korolenco`s museum, which was opened in 1964. The choice of Dzhankhot as a site for a summer house was motivated by Korolenco’s acquaintance with F. A. Tscherbina, the first “dachnik” in khutor Dzhankhot since 1870, who had also organized one of the first workers’ artels, as well as one of the first agricultural associations, and later became a renowned expert in the history of agricultural communities in Russia. Korolenco first visited Tscherbina in Dzhankhot on July 6–7 in 1898 when he came to the agricultural colony Krinitsa founded by V. V. Yeropkin in 1886. Thus, the idea of a “communal” dacha came to be a reflex of the agricultural communities created by narodniks, N. G. Tchernishevsky’s followers. Korolenco witnessed tragic mistakes made by the communes’ founders, at the same time thinking that his own idea was quite reasonable. The plan of the “communal” dacha, however, was not realized. Dzhankhot became a country estate of Illarion Korolenco, remaining one of Vladimir Korolenco`s summer dachas.


country estate, dacha, agricultural community, Dzhankhot, V. G. Korolenco, F. A. Tscherbina.


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