Title of the article:



Tatiana V. Chaplya

Information about the author/authors

Tatiana V. Chaplya — DSc in Culturology, Associate Professor, Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Viljuskaya St. 28, 630126 Novosibirsk. Russia.

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9712-7478

E-mail: Chap_70@mail.ru


Theory and history of culture




Vol. 70


pp. 162–172


January 20, 2023

Approved after reviewing

August 19, 2023

Date of publication

December 25, 2023



Index UDK


Index BBK



The paper analyzes the historical and cultural dynamics of identity formation from antiquity to the present. Identity and identity processes occupy one of the central places in history and culture, as they provide an answer to the such fundamental questions as: Who am I? With whom am I? Who are “ours” and who are “theirs”?
The methodological basis includes the theory of symbolic interactionism; the sociology of knowledge; the cultural approach.
The novelty of the author's approach is an integrated historical and cultural approach to the processes of identification/identity; as well as identifying the mechanisms of its formation through common memories in the context of development from “We” to “I” and “I”.
The author concludes that the dynamics of the process of identity formation is not based on the transition from one type of identity to another, but on the expansion of different forms of identification. The main mechanism of identification is the transition from identification based on blood kinship and unity of territory to professional, group, religious identification (in the Middle Ages) to national, ethnic, cultural, civilizational identity in the new time and (in Modern Times).
As a leitmotif of the acquisition of identity one may take transitions from identification in archaic times as a prescription in a rigid and direct form, to “loyalty and service” in the Middle Ages, gradual formation of personal identity in the Renaissance, the 19th century, when the subject received the right to choose, and up to the need to choose in the second half of the 19th and in the 20th centuries. And such choice is a constant transition from one identity to another depending on the circumstances.


Identity, Identification, Society, Social Group, Social Behavior, Socialization.


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