Title of the article:



Maria S. Valdes Odriozola

Information about the author/authors

Maria S. Valdes Odriozola — PhD in Culturology, Professor of Peter’s Academy of Arts and Sciences, Member of the Russian Union of artists, Member of the Creative Union of artists of Russia, member of the Union of journalists of Moscow; librarian, the Library No 2 Yury Trifonov of the State Budgetary Institution of Culture of Moscow “Central library system of the Central administrative district”, 4 Tverskaya-Yamskaya St., 26/8, 125047 Moscow, Russian. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2895-9304. E-mail: mariavaldes@yandex.ru


Theory and history of culture




Vol. 62


pp. 36–44


June 23, 2020

Date of publication

December 28, 2021



Index UDK


Index BBK



The subject of the research is the essence and specificity of socio-cultural aspects of the first stages of construction of the Moscow metro as phenomena of architecture in extreme environments. The object of research is the socio-cultural aspects of the architecture in extreme environments. The study provides their classification. The author relies on the principles of heterotopy research proposed by Paul-Michel Foucault while drawing upon a number of research methods, such as micro-urbanism, the study of the city in its “details”; visual sociology (visual anthropology); a systematic approach for collecting and analyzing materials, as well as thesaurus analysis of culture, allowing to systematize the results obtained by other methods. The paper identifies the features of creating socio-cultural spaces in an extreme environment on the example of the Moscow metro. The author focuses on the methods of creating a psychologically comfortable environment in the metro, as well as the possibility of architectural and artistic components of underground stations as translators of values and meanings. For the first time this paper examines the socio-cultural component of Moscow metro stations in the context of studying the essence and specifics of socio-cultural aspects of the architecture in extreme environments. The author's personal contribution is that, basing on the principles of research of socio-cultural spaces and the methodology of her own, she managed to detect specific features of creating the socio-cultural space of the Moscow metro first stations.


architecture in extreme environments, socio-cultural component of architecture, heterotopia, Moscow subway, Moscow metro, phenomenon of architecture, architectural and artistic solutions, micro-urbanism, visual sociology, thesaurus analysis.


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