Title of the article:



Marzieh Yahyapour, Janolah Karimi-Motahhar, Faezeh Mohammadnia-Hanai

Information about the author/authors

Marzieh Yahyapour — PhD in Philology, Professor, Faculty of Foreign Languages and Literatures, University of Tehran, North Kargar St. 16, 1439813164 Tehran, Iran.

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8195-6909

E-mail: myahya@ut.ac.ir

Janolah Karimi-Motahhar — PhD of Philology, Professor, Faculty of Foreign Languages and Literatures, University of Tehran, North Kargar St. 16, 1439813164 Tehran, Iran.

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6072-5797

E-mail: jkarimi@ut.ac.ir

Faezeh Mohammadnia-Hanai — Magister in Russian Language and Literature, Faculty of Foreign Languages and Literatures, University of Tehran, North Kargar St. 16, 1439813164 Tehran, Iran.

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0009-0004-5956-1459

E-mail: mohamadnia.fmh@ut.ac.ir


Philological sciences




Vol. 71


pp. 112–124


April 24, 2023

Approved after reviewing

October 28, 2023

Date of publication

March 25, 2024



Index UDK


Index BBK



Sadegh Hedayat, who is known as one of the intellectuals of his era, was one of the first Iranian writers who used an expressionism style in his works. Sadegh Hedayat’s mental perspective and existentialist thoughts are clearly visible in his works. Since Sadegh Hedayat was familiar with foreign literature, especially the works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky, he got influenced by him in some subjects. This study compares the two works “The Blind Owl” by Hedayat and “Notes from The Underground” by Dostoyevsky. Both works have a psychological feature – they both depicted their story’s protagonist similarly. Both Dostoevsky and Hedayat, with the help of the isolation and loneliness motifs (“Corner”, “Underground”), make the characters’ protest against the state of society comprehensible to the reader. But the main difference between the two works is the difference in the religious perspective of the two authors. Dostoyevsky’s main character suffers from unbelief, while Sadiq Hedayat’s hero is suffering by the misunderstanding of those around him and considers people who are bigots to be superstitious. Regardless of cultural and linguistic differences, as well as place and time of life, Dostoyevsky and Hedayat are equally concerned with belief issues and social vices. They lived in a suffocating social environment that made both writers protesting and unsatisfied. This dissatisfaction with the social situation is also reflected in the characteristics of the “Notes from The Underground” and “The Blind Owl” main characters.


Dostoevsky, Hedayat, Loneliness, Love, Death.


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