Title of the article:



Roman Yu. Fedorov

Information about the author/authors

Roman Yu. Fedorov — PhD in Philosophy, Senior Researcher, Tyumen Scientific Center of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Malygina St. 86, 625026 Tyumen, Russia. E-mail: r_fedorov@mail.ru


Theory and history of culture




Vol. 55


pp. 21–33


May 13, 2019

Date of publication

March 28, 2020



Index UDK


Index BBK



Peasant migrations to Siberia and to the Far East of Russia in the second half of 19th – early 20th century allowed for a wide distribution on their territory of numerous variations of calendar ceremonialism of East Slavs living in different regions of the Russian Empire. Among them calendar ceremonialism of the Belarusian migrants occupies noticeable place. Having a general typological basis for all East Slavs, it possessed a number of features including a high degree of local variability of the majority of calendar holidays, their distinctive names, unique archaic and innovative elements, etc. Materials from ethnographic expeditions conducted by the author during the period from 2009 to 2019 within a number of regions of Siberia and the Far East formed an empirical base of the research. As a result of comparison of the field materials with the ethnographic descriptions made during the period from the second half of 19th up to the beginning of the 21st century the general trends of preservation and transformations of calendar ceremonialism of the Belarusian peasants-migrants in Siberia and the Far East were examined along with detecting its value in terms of ethnocultural identity of its local communities. The study determined that for the 20th century calendar ceremonialism of migrants underwent a series of transformations with such factors as change of climatic conditions, mixed marriages, modernization of a way of life of the Soviet time, outflow of youth from rural areas having an impact on them. Nonetheless, individual elements of calendar ceremonialism of the Belarusian peasants-migrants keep their existence in a fragmentary way.


Belarusians, calendar ceremonialism, ethnocultural identity, interethnic interactions, transformations of traditional culture, peasant migrations.


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