Title of the article:



Olga A. Teush

Information about the author/authors

Olga A. Teush — PhD in Philology, Associate Professor, B. N. Yeltsin Ural Federal University, Lenin Ave. 51, 620083 Ekaterinburg, Russia. E-mail: olga.teush@yandex.ru


Philological sciences




Vol. 51


pp. 184–195


March 19, 2018

Date of publication

March 28, 2019

Index UDK


Index BBK



The article explores lexemes signifying “lake” in dialects of the European North of Russia. The whole complex of lexemes under study is analyzed from the point of view of the words origin and their semantic connections. The paper displays the interpretations of the onomasiological models. The key word lake is considered within etymological aspect on the all-Slavic background, including its Indo-European parallels. While describing secondary geographical semantics the author identifies dominant semes and analyzes attributive naming that selectively, with anthropocentric perspective, characterize the object. The paper also reveals qualitative characteristics of the object reflected in the internal form of dialecticisms. Dialect lexemes nominating the lake and its parts are interpreted etymologically and onomasiologically, generalizing conclusions of ethno-cultural character. The paper examines all language input against a broad extralinguistic background. As a result the object`s characteristics, reflected at the language level, are revealed and nomination features that served as the basis of lexical units are determined. The author pays special attention to the secondary nominations, based on economic and anatomical metaphor highlighting an extensive use of kinship terminology in limnonymy.


lexeme, semantics, meaning, Russian language, North Russian dialects.


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